Are Metal Cleats Allowed In The World Cup Football Boots (Soccer Cleats) The History

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Football Boots (Soccer Cleats) The History

Football boots: Earliest recorded – King Henry VIII in 1526

Football boots of King Henry VIII. they were listed in the Great Wardrobe of 1526, on the shopping list of the day. They were made by his personal shoemaker Cornelius Johnson in 1525 at a cost of 4 shillings, the equivalent of £100 in today’s money. Little is known about them as there is no surviving example, but it is known that royal football boots were made of thick leather, ankle-high and heavier than normal shoes of the time.

Football boots – 19th century

Fast forward 300 years, football was developing and gaining in popularity across Britain, but it still remained an unstructured and informal pastime with teams representing local factories and villages in the emerging industrial nation. The players wore their hard leather work boots which were long laced and had a steel toe like the first football boots. These cleats would also have metal studs or studs hammered into them to increase ground grip and stability.

As the laws came into play in the late 1800s, the first shift in soccer cleats to slipper (or footstool) style shoes occurred, where players on the same team began to wear the same shoes for the first time. The laws also allowed studs, which had to be rounded. Also known as cleats, these leather studs were hammered into early football boots, the first move away from the earlier popular work boots. These cleats weighed 500g and were made of thick, tough leather that extended up to the ankle for added protection. The boots would double in weight when wet and had six studs in the sole. The football has arrived…

Football boots – 1900 to 1940

Football boot styles remained relatively constant throughout the 1900s until the end of World War II. The most significant events in the world of soccer cleats in the first half of the twentieth century were the creation of several soccer cleat manufacturers that still produce soccer cleats today, including Gola (1905), Valsport (1920), and the Danish soccer cleat manufacturer Hummel (1923).

In Germany, the Dassler brothers Adolf and Rudolf founded the Gebrüder Dassler Schuhfabrik (Dassler Brothers Shoe Factory) in Herzogenaurach in 1924, and in 1925 began producing football boots that had 6 or 7 replaceable studs that could be changed according to weather conditions. games.

Football boots – 1940s to 1960s

Football boot styles shifted significantly after the end of World War II as air travel became cheaper and more international matches were played. This put the South Americans’ lighter and more flexible boots onto the world stage, and their ball skills and technical ability astounded all who watched. Football boot production has shifted to making lighter football boots with a focus on kicking and ball control rather than protective footwear.

In 1948, after parting ways with his brother, Adolf (Adi) Dassler founded the Adidas company, which was to form the cornerstone of the rivalry between football boot manufacturers in the previous years until today. Brother Rudolf founded the beginnings of the Puma company in 1948, quickly producing the Puma Atom soccer cleats. This led for the first time to interchangeable screws in studs made of plastic or rubber, allegedly from Puma in the early 1950s, but Adidas also claims the honor (Read the Footy-Boots story). Football boots of the time were still above the ankle, but were now made from a mixture of synthetic materials and leather, making for an even lighter boot for players of the day to show off their skills.

Football boots – 1960s

Technological developments in the 1960s brought a fundamental leap change in design, thanks to which a lower cut was introduced for the first time in the history of football. This change allowed the players to move faster and the 1962 World Cup final saw Pele wearing Puma boots. However, Adidas quickly became the market leader and has held this position to this day. In the 1966 World Cup final, an amazing 75% of the players wore Adidas boots.

In the 1960s, several other boot manufacturers joined the market with their own brands and styling, including Miter (1960), Joma (1965) and Asics (1964).

Football boots – 1970s

The 1970s began with the iconic 1970 World Cup final, when the sublime Brazilian team lifted the trophy with Pele once again at the helm, this time wearing Puma King football boots. The decade itself will be remembered for the way boot sponsorship took off, where players were paid to wear just one brand. In terms of design and style, technological advances have brought lighter boots and different colours, including an all-white boot for the first time.

In 1979, Adidas produced the world’s best-selling Copa Mundial football boot, made from kangaroo leather and built for speed and versatility. Although Adidas remained dominant, several other boot manufacturers joined the fray, including Italian boot manufacturer Diadora (1977).

Football boots – 1980s

The greatest recent development in boot design and technology was seen in the 1980s by former player Craig Johnston, who created the Predator boot, which was eventually released by Adidas in the 1990s. Johnston designed the Predator to provide more traction between the boot and the ball and between the boot and the ground. The design allowed for more surface areas to make contact with the ball when kicked, with a series of power and deflection zones in the strike area, allowing the player to generate more power and deflect “sweet spots” on the kick. In the eighties, the English company Umbro (1985), the Italian Lotto and the Spanish Kelme (1982) also produced soccer cleats for the first time.

Football boots – nineties

In 1994 Adidas launched the Predator designed by Craig Johnston with revolutionary design, style and technology making it an instant and lasting success. The Predator now features polymer extrusion technologies and materials that allow for a more flexible sole, as well as conventional studs that have been replaced with a bladed design covering the sole, giving the player a more stable base. In 1995 Adidas launched its bladed outsole traxion technology, which are blades with a conical shape. Puma returned in 1996 with a foam-free boot known as the Puma Cell Technology, which Adidas responded to again, this time with wedge studs in the same year. In the 1990s new boot makers Mizuno launched their Mizuno Wave in 1997. Further new boots came from Reebok (1992) and Uhlsport (1993) with other companies also joining the ever growing, lucrative and competitive market. The most significant entry of the 1990s was the entry of Nike, the world’s largest sportswear manufacturer, which made an immediate impression with its Nike Mercurial (1998) football boots weighing just 200g.

Football boots – 2000+

As technology continued to advance, applications of new research and development were seen in the years leading up to the new millennium to the present day, leading to the strengthening of the market positions of the Big Three football boot manufacturers and sellers, Puma, Nike and Adidas (including Reebok since 2006). Fortunately, there is still room in the market for a smaller manufacturer that doesn’t have big money backing contracts like Mizuno, Diadora, Lotto, Hummel and Nomis.

Recent developments since 2000 have seen the Nomis Wet control technology producing grip boot (2002), the Craig Johnston Pig Boot (2003), the shark technology from Kelme (2006) and the exceptional design of the Lotto Zhero Gravity shoeless boot (2006). all this underpins the success these smaller manufacturers can achieve by producing specialist and technologically advanced football boots that provide a distinct difference to the mass-produced products of the big three. Laser technology has also helped produce the world’s first fully customized Prior 2 Lever soccer ball, perhaps the most exciting and innovative of recent developments.

Current popular football boots include the Adidas F50, Tunit and Predator; Nike Mercurial Vapor III, Air Zoom Total 90s and Tiempo Ronaldinho, Reebok Pro Rage and Umbro X Boots.

Football boots – The future

While debate rages about the lack of protection provided by modern football boots and the impact on player injuries, there seems to be little indication that the major manufacturers are about to give up their pursuit of the lightest boots possible for better protection. one. The proliferation of major sponsorship deals, namely Ronaldinho’s Nike, David Beckham’s Adidas and Thierry Henry’s Reebok, has become a huge factor driving the bootmaker’s success and sales, but is seen at the cost of injuries and stagnation. in the research and development of football boots. In the future, we can only foresee integration with sensor technology, lighter and more powerful boots, and more eccentric designs and styles.

Football boots have come a long way since King Henry hit the pitch in England in the 1500s: football boots have evolved from everyday protective clothing to a highly engineered, high-tech product that is an essential part of players’ gear. Regardless of color, design, style or player – we love shoes!

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