India Vs Sri Lanka 2007 World Cup Highlights Garnet – Its Not Just Red, It’s A Many-Colored Gem

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Garnet – Its Not Just Red, It’s A Many-Colored Gem

Most people think of a dark red gemstone when they think of garnet, but garnet is actually a series of different gemstones. In addition to the well-known deep reds, pomegranates can be purchased in shades of orange from cinnamon to tangerine, light yellow, deep purple, green and soft lavender. Garnet is all these colors and many more. Garnets are actually a closely related group of different gemstones that are available in almost every color. There are garnets that change color in different lighting, translucent green jade-like garnets, and garnets with stars. Some types of pomegranate have been mined for millennia, while some varieties have only been discovered in recent decades. Garnets are fairly hard and durable gemstones that are ideal for jewelry use, with the exception of demontoid, which is a bit softer and requires more protection. Because some garnets are inexpensive and were used in the past to make cheap jewelry, garnet is a gemstone that doesn’t seem to get the “respect” it deserves. This is rapidly changing in light of the many new varieties of stunning colors available in garnet gemstones.

Garnets have been used as an ornament for over 5,000 years. Garnet beads have been found in Egyptian excavations dating back to 3200 BC. Aaron’s breastplate, worn around 2000 BC, is said to have contained a garnet. Asians in the 4th century BC used garnets to create their seals. Garnets were often carved on cameos and intaglios and worn in rings. Carbuncle is an old term that usually referred to a cabochon garnet. The back of the cockpit has been hollowed out to create a brighter garnet and make it more transparent. The ancient world praised the carbuncle, which glows with the red coals of the precious stone we now know as garnet. The name pomegranate is probably derived from pomegranate. Many ancient garnet jewelry are studded with tiny red stones that look a lot like garnet clusters indeed!

The garnet group of minerals includes 20 different species. The most commonly known are pyrope, almondite, spessartite, grossular, and andradite. The chemical formula of garnet is complex, all types have a slightly different combination of elements. During crystallization, some elements are exchanged, forming a mixed garnet consisting of two or more different species. Pyrope-almondite, almondite-spessartite, and pyrope-spessartite are examples of these types of intergrowths. Garnets have a hardness of 6.5-7.5 and are an excellent choice for jewelry. Garnet crystals form in a cubic system, usually as a 12-sided crystal or dodecahedron. They are available in all colors except pure blue. One of the problems with some types of pomegranates is their deep rich color. In many types of garnet, especially pyrope and some almandines, gems cut in large sizes will be too dark to reflect light and the stones will appear black. It is important to consider this fact when buying large, deep-colored garnets. In general, garnets are not processed to change their color, as is the case with many other gemstones. Here is a brief description of a few of the most popular varieties of garnet gemstones:

Almandine

Almandine is perhaps the most common of the garnet family, and is the dark red to reddish-brown stone that most often comes to mind when people think of garnet. It is an inexpensive stone, but new mines in East Africa are producing almandine in more desirable red to red-orange colors with no brown undertones. The main sources of Almandine are Madagascar, India and Sri Lanka. Almandines are sometimes available in large sizes, and most garnet sculptures are made from almandines. Whole cups or vases were made from single crystals. Because of its depth of color and richness, some faceted gemstones cut too large from this deep-colored material will not sparkle because they are too dark to reflect light.

Radolite

Rhodolite is the name used to describe the gorgeous pinkish, purple or lavender red garnets that are a mixture of almondite and pyrope. The name was first used in the late 1800s to describe a new garnet-hued rhododendron discovered in North Carolina. In general, rhodolite garnets are not as dark as common pyrope or almandine garnets. Most rhodolites seen today are of African origin and are bright, clear gemstones. It is probably the most popular garnet found in jewelry today. Common shades of Rhodolite include red stones, purplish red, and the popular crimson Rhodolite, a rich red-purple with bright lavender highlights. Rhodolite garnet is mined in Africa, India and Sri Lanka. Brazil produces dark purple rhodolite, sometimes called grape garnet, because of its similarity in color to Concord grape jam.

Tsavarit

Tsavarite is the most desirable of all garnets, distinguished by its exquisite purity and the intensity of its beautiful green color. Until tsavorite was discovered in the late 1960s, there was no other gemstone other than emerald that could offer the buyer such a rich, dark green color. This beautiful green garnet has been in high demand in jewelry since its discovery, and for good reason: it is harder than an emerald, more durable in jewelry, less contained than an emerald, more brilliant when cut, and much rarer. , than an emerald. In short, it is (on all counts) a better gemstone, but it lacks the magic and antiquity of the name “emerald”. For this reason, it is known to far fewer people, is in far less demand, and therefore costs much less than an emerald of comparable color. Despite this, because of its beauty, tsavorite is the most expensive of the pomegranate family. It is actually the Grossular form, colored green due to the presence of trace amounts of vanadium metal.

Tsavarite was first discovered in Tanzania and Kenya; The name “Tsawarit” is actually a trade name created by Tiffany and Co. in reference to the Tsavo National Park in Kenya (located near the area of ​​Tsawarit). The geology of the tsavarite is such that supplies are very sporadic. The heat and folding of the rock hundreds of millions of years ago that formed tsavarite also destroyed most of the crystals. It is very rare to find a tsavorite larger than five carats, and most faceted stones are less than two carats. Many tsavarite deposits are small and unpredictable: layers suddenly taper and disappear, leaving no indication of where to look next. Most of the rough stones are heavily eroded in place (due to earth movements over the centuries), which accounts for the great rarity of large clean stones.

There have been perhaps 40 different areas where tsavarite has been mined, but only four mining operations are still mining it in commercial quantities. The Scorpion mine in southeastern Kenya is now mining from tunnels sunk more than 200 feet into the grade. Another large producer in this area has a large pit working at a depth of 40 feet which has yielded a considerable amount of tsavorite. Unfortunately, the owners cannot continue mining with this method and begin to implement underground mining. Recently, a new tsavarite mining area was discovered in Lokirim, about a thousand kilometers to the northwest of the previously known places. Although only a small amount is mined at this location, it is promising that the possibility of finding tsavarite exists over a wider area than previously thought.

Since its introduction to the market, the value of the gem garnet has more than tripled, but at current prices it still sells for a tenth or less of the price of an emerald of comparable quality. Stones over 2 carats are extremely rare, and gems over 5 carats of beautiful color are virtual museum pieces.

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